There are two varieties of this tiny, plucky dog, which can be separated on the basis of coat length. The smooth-coated form has a glossy, short coat, while the long-haired form has a significantly longer, slightly wavy coat. The long-haired form is the result of crossings of Smooth-coated Chihuahuas with Yorkshire Terriers and Papillons. Selective breeding has since taken place to ensure that in all other respects the two forms are indistinguishable. Common colours are fawn, chestnut, steel-blue, and silver, often seen in combinations.
History of Chihuahua
The name “Chihuahua” derives from the Mexican state of that name where this dog may possibly have originated. It was first seen in the USA towards the end of the 19th century, before being taken to Europe. Most of today’s bloodlines are descended from the original 50 dogs taken to the USA.
The Chihuahua can be sensitive to cold. It also shivers when excited or nervous.
Identification keys of Chihuahua Short-haired Chihuahua
relatively muscular hindquarters
short, soft, and glossy coat
short, pointed muzzle
Identification keys of Chihuahua Long-haired Chihuahua
ruff on neck
muscular, well feathered legs
short, pointed muzzle
coat may be slightly wavy but never curled
long tail resembles a plume
Giant German Spitz The face of this breed is a little fox-like. The outercoat is long and harsh, while the undercoat is dense and soft. The Giant German Spitz, as its name suggests, is the second largest of this German group of spitz dogs, and is bred in solid colours only.
History of Giant German […]
German Spitz (Klein) The German Spitz breeds are compact and squarely built, and can be distinguished essentially on the basis of size. The Spitz is protected from harsh weather by its thick coat, which varies greatly in colour and has a dense undercoat.
History of German Spitz (Klein)
The German Spitz is […]
German Spitz (Mittel) The Mittel, or standard, form of the German Spitz is the third largest of the five varieties. Like the Giant, it is usually bred in solid colours, but in Britain all varieties and markings are acceptable.
History of German Spitz (Mittel)
The watchful demeanour of these dogs initially […]
Japanese Spitz This delightful spitz breed has a striking, long coat, which must always be pure white in colour. This feature can serve to distinguish it from the miniature form of the American Eskimo, which is otherwise extremely similar.
History of Japanese Spitz
The Japanese Spitz is thought to […]
Continental Toy Spaniel: Phalene Closely related to the Papillon the Phalene can be readily distinguished from it by its ears, which hang down on the sides of its head.
History of Continental Toy Spaniel (Phalene)
The breed was popular in Italy during the Renaissance, and was well known in European royal […]