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There are two varieties of this tiny, plucky dog, which can be separated on the basis of coat length. The smooth-coated form has a glossy, short coat, while the long-haired form has a significantly longer, slightly wavy coat. The long-haired form is the result of crossings of Smooth-coated Chihuahuas with Yorkshire Terriers and Papillons. Selective breeding has since taken place to ensure that in all other respects the two forms are indistinguishable. Common colours are fawn, chestnut, steel-blue, and silver, often seen in combinations.

History of Chihuahua

The name “Chihuahua” derives from the Mexican state of that name where this dog may possibly have originated. It was first seen in the USA towards the end of the 19th century, before being taken to Europe. Most of today’s bloodlines are descended from the original 50 dogs taken to the USA.


The Chihuahua can be sensitive to cold. It also shivers when excited or nervous.

Identification keys of Chihuahua Short-haired Chihuahua

  • relatively muscular hindquarters
  • short, soft, and glossy coat
  • short, pointed muzzle

Identification keys of Chihuahua Long-haired Chihuahua

  • ruff on neck
  • muscular, well feathered legs
  • short, pointed muzzle
  • coat may be slightly wavy but never curled
  • dainty feet
  • long tail resembles a plume

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