Glossary for Dogs

Angulation

Angié formed by the meeting of bones at a joint.

Barrel

Rounded chest shape.

Bat Ears

Erect ears, wide at the base and rounded at the tips, pointing out.

Bay

Call of hounds in pursuit of quarry.

Beard

Long, thick hair around the jaws.

Belton

Blue-lemon flecked coloration associated with English Setters.

Bite

The positioning of the upper and lower teeth relative to each other.

Blaze

White marking running down forehead to muzzle.

Bobtail

Closely docked tail - or missing altogether on breeds born tail-less.

Brindle

Combination of light and dark hairs, resulting in darker streaking.

Brisket

Area of the chest between the forelegs, including the breastbone.

Broken-coated

Rough, wire coat.

Brush

Bushy tail.

Butterfly nose

Nose of two colours.

Button ears

Semi-erect ears, folding over at their tips.

Clip

Type of trim, associated particularly with poodles.

Cobby

Short-bodied and compact.

Conformation

Overall shape, resulting from combined relationship of all of a dog’s physical parts.

Coupling

Region extending from the last rib to the pelvis.

Cow-hocked

Hocks point in towards each other.

Crop

Removal of the tops of the ears, causing them to stand erect.

Group

Area of back closest to tail.

Culotte

Long hair at the back of the thighs.

Dew claw

Claw on the inside of the legs, often removed in young puppies.

Dewlap

Pendulous, loose skin under the throat, as seen in the Bloodhound.

Dock

Shortening of the tail by cutting.

Double coat

Guard hairs protruding through softer, insulating layer beneath.

Drop ear

Ears that hang down, close to the sides of the head.

Elbow

Joint below shoulder.

Entropion

Eye abnormality causing almost continual irritation.

Fall

Hair hanging down over the face.

Feathering

Long fringes of hair on the ears, body, legs, and tail.

Flews

Pendulous upper lips.

Frill

Longer hair present on the lower neck and front of the chest.

Grizzle

Bluish grey colour.

Guard hairs

Coarser outer hairs.

Hackles

Hair on the neck and back, raised to show aggression or fright.

Hare feet

Relatively long and narrow feet.

Harlequin

Black or blue patches set against white, as seen in the Great Dane.

Haunches

Back of thighs, in contact with the ground when the dog is sitting.

Hock

Hindleg joint - the dog’s heels.

Jowls

The fleshy part of the lips and jaws.

Leather

Ear flap.

Lobular

Lobe shaped.

Loins

Region from last rib to back legs.

Mane

Long hair on and around the neck.

Mask

Dark, mask-like shading on head.

Merle

Marbled coat pattern, caused by darker patches on lighter back-ground of same basic colour.

Muzzle

Portion of head in front of eyes.

Occiput

Highest part on back of skull.

Pastern

Lower part of leg, between wrist and foot.

Plume

Soft hair on the tail.

Point

Immovable stance of a hunting dog, indicating location of game.

Points

Body extremities, usually refer-ring to the coloration of ears, face, legs, and tail.

Roached

Convex arching of the back.

Roan

Mixture of white and another colour, in even proportions.

Rose-eared

Typically small ears, which fold down and show the inside.

Ruff

Long, thick hair encircling neck.

Sable

White coat, shaded with black.

Sabre tail

Tail in the shape of a semi-circle.

Saddle

Black markings in the shape and position of a saddle.

Soft mouth

A characteristic of hunting dogs, indicating ability to retrieve game without damaging it.

Stand-off coat

Long, heavy coat standing out from body, as in the Keeshond.

Stifle

Hindleg joint, the angle of which is important in breed standards.

Stop

Depression between the eyes, where skull and nasal bone meet.

Ticking

Coat pattern in which spots of colour stand out against the basic background colour.

Trim

Grooming that entails clipping or plucking.

Whelping

Giving birth to puppies.

Withers

Highest point of the shoulders, behind the neck.

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One thought on “Glossary for Dogs

  1. Thommyboy

    Your post, Glossary for Dogs at Dogs by Breed Website, is really well written, useful and insightful. I do love dogs and I am very glad I found your website. Warm regards and happy posting about dog and their breeds!

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