As well as being the ancestor of most other contemporary spaniels, the English Springer is also one of the tallest. A division between working and show strains has arisen, the former being shorter and stockier.… Read the full post here

The mottled coloration of the English Setter serves to distinguish it from other breeds of setter. Essentially it is a working dog which can be developed into an extremely responsive gundog, and it requires a lot of exercise to remain healthy. A popular dog in the show ring, the breed's friendly nature guarantees it strong support.… Read the full post here

This robust, agile breed of retriever has a generally neat appearance. Its body is covered with a tightly curled, black- or liver-coloured coat, which does not need trimming. By contrast, its facial hair is distinctively smooth.… Read the full post here

This breed of gundog has a broad nose for scenting, a generous, square muzzle, a pronounced stop, and a precise yet delicate bite ideal for retrieving game. Its long coat is silky in texture but not curly. In solid-coloured dogs, white markings are permissible only on the chest.… Read the full post here

This large, bulky spaniel is not as speedy in the field as some of its more streamlined relatives, but it is vigorous and works well, especially in areas of heavy cover. The Clumber has a large, wide head, a pronounced stop, and deep-set eyes. Its attractive, pure-white, silky coat is heavily feathered on the neck and chest.… Read the full post here

The broad skull, wedge-shaped forehead, and powerful jaws of this breed make it ideal as a retriever, and its very dense coat serves to protect it from the cold waters of the Chesapeake Bay region of the USA, where it was first developed. The oily texture of the hair gives this retriever a rather distinctive smell.… Read the full post here

Smaller than its English counterpart, and with a much longer coat, the American Cocker Spaniel was developed in the USA in the last century.

A black American Cocker must be jet black, with no trace of brown or liver shadings.To be classified as black and tan, tan markings must comprise no less than 10 per cent of the coat.… Read the full post here

This delightful spitz breed has a striking, long coat, which must always be pure white in colour. This feature can serve to distinguish it from the miniature form of the American Eskimo, which is otherwise extremely similar.… Read the full post here

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The smallest member of the German Spitz group, the Pomeranian is characterized by an upright tail that tilts forward over its body. This breed is a devoted and affectionate companion.

The coat takes three years to reach full maturity, the whole colours include white, red orange, grey, and black.… Read the full post here

The German Spitz breeds are compact and squarely built, and can be distinguished essentially on the basis of size. The Spitz is protected from harsh weather by its thick coat, which varies greatly in colour and has a dense undercoat.… Read the full post here